Canon EOS 10D vs Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

This is a full comparison between the cameras Canon EOS 10D and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV. We compare them by looking at the categories you see below.

Manufacturing

These cameras are both manufactured by Canon.

Canon EOS 10D were released 2003 and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV was released 2016. That is a 13 years difference. In tech, this period can be of interest since technology is always improving, etc.

Camera Released
Canon EOS 10D 2003
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 2016

Type of camera

Both these cameras are DSLR cameras. No difference there.

Sensors / crop factor

These cameras have different sensors. Canon EOS 10D has a "Canon APS-C"-sensor while Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a "Canon Full Frame"-sensor, and their difference in sensors will also affect the crop factor and experience focal length. See the table below.

Camera Focal length, 50mm f/1.8 **
Canon EOS 10D 80 mm
Canon APS-C sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.6
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 50 mm
Full-frame sensor
No crop factor/focal length multiplier

** Experienced focal length when using a lens such as a common "50mm f/1.8"

Learn more about crop factor and focal length multiplier here:
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Canon)

Resolution

Canon EOS 10D has a 6,3 MP (Megapixels) resolution while Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has 30 MP. If we break down this in more detail this is the data behind the numbers:

Camera Megapixels
Canon EOS 10D 6,3 MP
6291456 pixels
3072 x 2048
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 30 MP
30105600 pixels
6720 x 4480

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a 379 % larger resolution than Canon EOS 10D. This could give you more details in the picture but also a possibility to crop more in the pictures, afterward while editing the pictures, if needed that is.

ISO range

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a larger ISO-range than Canon EOS 10D. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has an ISO range that stretches from 50 to 102400 while Canon EOS 10D has 100 to 3200.

Camera ISO Range
Canon EOS 10D 100-3200
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 50-102400

Autofocus and lens compatibility

Both of these cameras have a built-in autofocus motor. Some lenses, that support autofocus, do not have an autofocus motor of their own but this won't cause any problems with these two cameras.
Worth mentioning is that Canon EOS 10D do not work with Canon EF-S lenses but this is also shown at our compatibility charts.

Here is a complete overview of which lenses work with each camera:
Lens compatibility chart for Canon EOS 10D
Lens compatibility chart for Canon EOS 5D Mark IV

Pictures per second

Depending on what you are shooting the FPS, or frames/pictures per second, can definitely be of interest. Canon EOS 10D can shoot up to 3 pictures per seconds and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV can shoot up to 7 pictures per seconds.

Camera FPS (Frames per second)
Canon EOS 10D 3
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 7

Ability to record movies

It is becoming more and more popular to record movies with digital cameras.

It is only one of these two cameras that support recording movies and movie clips and that is Canon EOS 5D Mark IV. Sadly, the Canon EOS 10D does not support this.

Weight

The weight of the camera can be an extremely important factor, especially if the camera is about to be used, or carried around, for several hours at a time.

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV weighs 890 gr (equal to 1.96 lb) which is 2% heavier than Canon EOS 10D and its 875 gr (or 1.93 lb).

Camera Weight
Canon EOS 10D 875 gr
1.93 lb
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 890 gr
1.96 lb

Canon EOS 10D vs Canon EOS 5D Mark IV Specs

Below you will find the complete and detailed technical specs for both Canon EOS 10D and Canon EOS 5D Mark IV, next to each other. Each category of data is a link to an article covering the subject, giving you a deeper understanding so you can better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the two camera models.

Product
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Name Canon EOS 10D Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Manufacturer Canon Canon
Release Date and Price
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Release Year 2003 2016
Release Date 2003-02-27 2016-08-28
MSRP 1999 USD 3499 USD
Buy it today
Camera Type
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Camera Type DSLR DSLR
Sensor
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Sensor Size APS-C (approx 22.3 x 14.9 mm) Full Frame (approx 36 x 24 mm)
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Resolution 3072 x 2048 pixels 6720 x 4480 pixels
Megapixels 6,3 MP 30 MP
Image Processor DIGIC DIGIC 6+
Image
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
ISO Range 100 - 3200 50 - 102400
White Balance Presets 6 6
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Image Stabilization CIPA Rating 0 stops 0 stops
Uncompressed format RAW RAW
Optics & Focus
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Autofocus Motor Yes Yes
Autofocus Phase Detect
Multi Area
Selective Single Point
Single
Continuous
Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Focus Points 7 61
Lens Mount Canon EF

See Compatible Lenses
Canon EF

See Compatible Lenses
Focal Length Multiplier APS-C Sensor
1.6x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 38 mm
50 mm becomes 80 mm
100 mm becomes 160 mm
200 mm becomes 320 mm
Full frame
No multiplier
Example:
24 mm remains 24 mm
50 mm remains 50 mm
100 mm remains 100 mm
200 mm remains 200 mm
Screen & Viewfinder
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Articulated LCD Fixed Fixed
Screen size 1.8 3,2
Screen dots 118000 1620000
Touch screen No Yes
Screen type N/A TFT LCD
Live view No Yes
Viewfinder Type Optical (pentaprism) Optical (pentaprism)
Viewfinder Coverage 95% 100%
Viewfinder Magnification 0.88 (0.55 35mm equiv.) 0.71
Viewfinder Resolution N/A 0
Photography features
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Frames per second 3 fps 7 fps
Minimum Shutter Speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Maximum Shutter Speed 1/4000 seconds 1/8000 seconds
Built-in Flash Yes No
Built-in Flash Range 12 meters N/A
External Flash Yes Yes
Self-Timer Yes Yes
Time-lapse Yes No
Metering modes Multi
Center Weighted
Partial
Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Partial
Exposure Compensation +/- 2 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps) +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Videography features
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Video recording No Yes
Video format N/A MPEG4
Video resolution N/A 1280 x 720
1920 x 1080
3840 x 2160
Built-in Microphone No Yes
Built-in Speakers No Yes
Storage
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Memory Card Compact Flash
Compact Flash
SD/SDHC
Connectivity
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
HDMI Output No Yes
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No Yes
Wireless No Yes
Built-In (802.11b/g/n + NFC)
Remote Control Yes (N3 connector) Yes (wired, wireless, or smartphone)
GPS No Yes
Built-in
Body & Dimensions
Canon EOS 10D
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Enviromentally sealed No Yes
Battery Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Details BP-511
LP-E6N lithium-ion battery & charger
Battery Life (CIPA) N/A 900 shots
Width 150 mm 151 mm
Height 107 mm 116 mm
Depth 75 mm 76 mm
Weight 875 gram 890 gram