Canon EOS 5D Mark IV vs Nikon D40

This is a full comparison between the cameras Canon EOS 5D Mark IV and Nikon D40. We compare them by looking at the categories you see below.

Manufacturing

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV is manufacturered by Canon but Nikon D40 is from Nikon. Both Canon and Nikon are well known brands though.

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV were released 2016 and Nikon D40 was released 2006. That is a 10 years difference. In tech, this period can be of interest since technology is always improving, etc.

Camera Released
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 2016
Nikon D40 2006

Type of camera

Both these cameras are DSLR cameras. No difference there.

Sensors / crop factor

These cameras have different sensors. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a "Canon Full Frame"-sensor while Nikon D40 has a "Nikon DX"-sensor, and their difference in sensors will also affect the crop factor and experience focal length. See the table below.

Camera Focal length, 50mm f/1.8 **
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 50 mm
Full-frame sensor
No crop factor/focal length multiplier
Nikon D40 75 mm
Nikon DX sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.5

** Experienced focal length when using a lens such as a common "50mm f/1.8"

Learn more about crop factor and focal length multiplier here:
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Canon)
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Nikon)

Resolution

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a 30 MP (Megapixels) resolution while Nikon D40 has 6 MP. If we break down this in more detail this is the data behind the numbers:

Camera Megapixels
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 30 MP
30105600 pixels
6720 x 4480
Nikon D40 6 MP
6016000 pixels
3008 x 2000

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a 400 % larger resolution than Nikon D40. This could give you more details in the picture but also a possibility to crop more in the pictures, afterward while editing the pictures, if needed that is.

ISO range

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a larger ISO-range than Nikon D40. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has an ISO range that stretches from 50 to 102400 while Nikon D40 has 200 to 3200.

Camera ISO Range
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 50-102400
Nikon D40 200-3200

Autofocus and lens compatibility

There is a big difference between these two cameras. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV has a built-in autofocus motor but Nikon D40 does not. If you want to be able to use autofocus on Nikon D40 there is a need for having an autofocus motor inside the lens. We really encourage you to look closely at our lens compatibility charts at the links below.

Here is a complete overview of which lenses work with each camera:
Lens compatibility chart for Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Lens compatibility chart for Nikon D40

Pictures per second

Depending on what you are shooting the FPS, or frames/pictures per second, can definitely be of interest. Canon EOS 5D Mark IV can shoot up to 7 pictures per seconds and Nikon D40 can shoot up to 2,5 pictures per seconds.

Camera FPS (Frames per second)
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 7
Nikon D40 2,5

Ability to record movies

It is becoming more and more popular to record movies with digital cameras.

When comparing these two cameras there is only one of them that can shoot movies and that is Canon EOS 5D Mark IV. Unfortunately Nikon D40 does not support recording movies and movie clips.

Weight

The weight of the camera can be an extremely important factor, especially if the camera is about to be used, or carried around, for several hours at a time.

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV weighs 890 gr (equal to 1.96 lb) which is 70% heavier than Nikon D40 and its 522 gr (or 1.15 lb).

Camera Weight
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV 890 gr
1.96 lb
Nikon D40 522 gr
1.15 lb

Canon EOS 5D Mark IV vs Nikon D40 Specs

Below you will find the complete and detailed technical specs for both Canon EOS 5D Mark IV and Nikon D40, next to each other. Each category of data is a link to an article covering the subject, giving you a deeper understanding so you can better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the two camera models.

Product
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Name Canon EOS 5D Mark IV Nikon D40
Manufacturer Canon Nikon
Release Date and Price
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Release Year 2016 2006
Release Date 2016-08-28 2006-11-16
MSRP 3499 USD 729 USD
Buy it today
Camera Type
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Camera Type DSLR DSLR
Sensor
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Sensor Size Full Frame (approx 36 x 24 mm) APS-C (approx 23.7 x 15.5 mm)
Also known as "DX"
Sensor Type CMOS CCD
Resolution 6720 x 4480 pixels 3008 x 2000 pixels
Megapixels 30 MP 6 MP
Image Processor DIGIC 6+ EXPEED
Image
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
ISO Range 50 - 102400 200 - 3200
White Balance Presets 6 6
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Image Stabilization CIPA Rating 0 stops 0 stops
Uncompressed format RAW RAW
Optics & Focus
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Autofocus Motor Yes No
Autofocus Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Selective Single Point
Single
Continuous
Focus Points 61 3
Lens Mount Canon EF

See Compatible Lenses
Nikon F

See Compatible Lenses
Focal Length Multiplier Full frame
No multiplier
Example:
24 mm remains 24 mm
50 mm remains 50 mm
100 mm remains 100 mm
200 mm remains 200 mm
DX / APS-C (1.5x)
1.5x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 36 mm
50 mm becomes 75 mm
100 mm becomes 150 mm
200 mm becomes 300 mm
Screen & Viewfinder
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Articulated LCD Fixed Fixed
Screen size 3,2 2,5
Screen dots 1620000 230000
Touch screen Yes No
Screen type TFT LCD N/A
Live view Yes No
Viewfinder Type Optical (pentaprism) Optical (pentamirror)
Viewfinder Coverage 100% 95%
Viewfinder Magnification 0.71 0.8 (0.53 35mm equiv.)
Viewfinder Resolution 0 N/A
Photography features
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Frames per second 7 fps 2,5 fps
Minimum Shutter Speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Maximum Shutter Speed 1/8000 seconds 1/4000 seconds
Built-in Flash No Yes
Built-in Flash Range N/A 17 meters
External Flash Yes Yes
Self-Timer Yes Yes
Time-lapse No Yes
Metering modes Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Partial
Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Exposure Compensation +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps) +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV steps)
Videography features
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Video recording Yes No
Video format MPEG4
N/A
Video resolution 1280 x 720
1920 x 1080
3840 x 2160
N/A
Built-in Microphone Yes No
Built-in Speakers Yes No
Storage
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Memory Card Compact Flash
SD/SDHC
SD/SDHC
Connectivity
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
HDMI Output Yes No
Microphone Port Yes No
Headphone Port Yes No
Wireless Yes
Built-In (802.11b/g/n + NFC)
No
Remote Control Yes (wired, wireless, or smartphone) Yes (Optional (ML-L3))
GPS Yes
Built-in
No
Body & Dimensions
Canon EOS 5D Mark IV
Nikon D40
Enviromentally sealed Yes No
Battery Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Details LP-E6N lithium-ion battery & charger
Nikon EN-EL9 Lithium-Ion & charger included
Battery Life (CIPA) 900 shots 470 shots
Width 151 mm 124 mm
Height 116 mm 94 mm
Depth 76 mm 64 mm
Weight 890 gram 522 gram