Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5500

This is a full comparison between the cameras Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5500. We compare them by looking at the categories you see below.

Manufacturing

These cameras are both manufactured by Nikon.

Nikon D3400 were released 2016 and Nikon D5500 was released 2015. That is a 1 years difference. In tech, this period can be of interest since technology is always improving, etc.

Camera Released
Nikon D3400 2016
Nikon D5500 2015

Type of camera

Both these cameras are DSLR cameras. No difference there.

Sensors / crop factor

Both these cameras have the same sorts of sensor (called "Nikon DX") which means that if you compare these cameras side by side the lenses will also have the same experienced focal length. Neither of the cameras has a Full frame sensor which means that you will get a "crop factor" where the camera's sensor size affect the focal length with a multiplier.

Camera Focal length, 50mm f/1.8 **
Nikon D3400 75 mm
Nikon DX sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.5
Nikon D5500 75 mm
Nikon DX sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.5

** Experienced focal length when using a lens such as a common "50mm f/1.8"

Learn more about crop factor and focal length multiplier here:
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Nikon)

Resolution

Both these cameras have the exact same resolution. Nikon D3400 has a 24 MP (Megapixels) resolution while Nikon D5500 has 24 MP. If we break down this in more detail this is the data behind the numbers:

Camera Megapixels
Nikon D3400 24 MP
24000000 pixels
6000 x 4000
Nikon D5500 24 MP
24000000 pixels
6000 x 4000

ISO range

Both of these cameras offer the exact same ISO range. They both have 100 to 25600.

Camera ISO Range
Nikon D3400 100-25600
Nikon D5500 100-25600

Autofocus and lens compatibility

Neither of these two cameras has a built-in autofocus motor. Some lenses, that supports autofocus, do not have an autofocus motor of their own, and often they rely on the cameras providing this autofocus motor but since these two camera models do not have this either it will result in no autofocus is possible.

Here is a complete overview of which lenses work with each camera:
Lens compatibility chart for Nikon D3400
Lens compatibility chart for Nikon D5500

Pictures per second

Depending on what you are shooting the FPS, or frames/pictures per second, can definitely be of interest. Nikon D3400 can shoot up to 5 pictures per seconds and Nikon D5500 can shoot up to 5 pictures per seconds.

Camera FPS (Frames per second)
Nikon D3400 5
Nikon D5500 5

Ability to record movies

It is becoming more and more popular to record movies with digital cameras.

In this case, both Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5500 can shoot movies.

Weight

The weight of the camera can be an extremely important factor, especially if the camera is about to be used, or carried around, for several hours at a time.

Nikon D5500 weighs 420 gr (equal to 0.93 lb) which is 6% heavier than Nikon D3400 and its 395 gr (or 0.87 lb).

Camera Weight
Nikon D3400 395 gr
0.87 lb
Nikon D5500 420 gr
0.93 lb

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon D5500 Specs

Below you will find the complete and detailed technical specs for both Nikon D3400 and Nikon D5500, next to each other. Each category of data is a link to an article covering the subject, giving you a deeper understanding so you can better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the two camera models.

Product
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Name Nikon D3400 Nikon D5500
Manufacturer Nikon Nikon
Release Date and Price
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Release Year 2016 2015
Release Date 2016-08-17 2015-01-06
MSRP 649 USD 899 USD
Buy it today
Camera Type
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Camera Type DSLR DSLR
Sensor
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Sensor Size APS-C (approx 23.7 x 15.5 mm)
Also known as "DX"
APS-C (approx 23.7 x 15.5 mm)
Also known as "DX"
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
Megapixels 24 MP 24 MP
Image Processor EXPEED 4 EXPEED 4
Image
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
ISO Range 100 - 25600 100 - 25600
White Balance Presets 12 12
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Image Stabilization CIPA Rating 0 stops 0 stops
Uncompressed format RAW RAW
Optics & Focus
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Autofocus Motor No No
Autofocus Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Face Detection
LiveView
Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Focus Points 11 39
Lens Mount Nikon F

See Compatible Lenses
Nikon F

See Compatible Lenses
Focal Length Multiplier DX / APS-C (1.5x)
1.5x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 36 mm
50 mm becomes 75 mm
100 mm becomes 150 mm
200 mm becomes 300 mm
DX / APS-C (1.5x)
1.5x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 36 mm
50 mm becomes 75 mm
100 mm becomes 150 mm
200 mm becomes 300 mm
Screen & Viewfinder
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Articulated LCD Fixed Fully articulated
Screen size 3 3,2
Screen dots 921000 1037000
Touch screen No Yes
Screen type TFT-LCD TFT LCD Monitor
Live view Yes Yes
Viewfinder Type Optical (pentamirror) Optical (pentamirror)
Viewfinder Coverage 95% 95%
Viewfinder Magnification 0.57 (0.38 35mm equiv.) 0.82 (0.51 35mm equiv.)
Viewfinder Resolution N/A 0
Photography features
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Frames per second 5 fps 5 fps
Minimum Shutter Speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Maximum Shutter Speed 1/4000 seconds 1/4000 seconds
Built-in Flash Yes Yes
Built-in Flash Range 7 meters 12 meters
External Flash Yes Yes
Self-Timer Yes Yes
Time-lapse No Yes
Metering modes Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Exposure Compensation +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV steps) +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Videography features
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Video recording Yes Yes
Video format MPEG4
H.264
MPEG4
H.264
Video resolution 1280 x 720
1920 x 1080
1280 x 720
1920 x 1080
Built-in Microphone Yes Yes
Built-in Speakers Yes Yes
Storage
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Memory Card SD/SDHC
SD/SDHC
Connectivity
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
HDMI Output Yes Yes
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No No
Wireless Yes
Built-In SnapBridge (Bluetooth only)
Yes
Built-In
Remote Control Yes (via smartphone or wireless remote) Yes (MC-DC2 (wired), WR-1/WR-R10 (wireless))
GPS No No
Body & Dimensions
Nikon D3400
Nikon D5500
Enviromentally sealed No No
Battery Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Details EN-EL14a lithium-ion battery and charger
EN-EL14 / EN-EL14a lithium-ion battery & charger
Battery Life (CIPA) 1200 shots 820 shots
Width 124 mm 124 mm
Height 98 mm 97 mm
Depth 76 mm 70 mm
Weight 395 gram 420 gram