Nikon D40 vs Fujifilm X-H1

This is a full comparison between the cameras Nikon D40 and Fujifilm X-H1. We compare them by looking at the categories you see below.

Manufacturing

Nikon D40 is manufacturered by Nikon but Fujifilm X-H1 is from Fujifilm. Both Nikon and Fujifilm are well known brands though.

Nikon D40 were released 2006 and Fujifilm X-H1 was released 2018. That is a 12 years difference. In tech, this period can be of interest since technology is always improving, etc.

Camera Released
Nikon D40 2006
Fujifilm X-H1 2018

Type of camera

Nikon D40 is a DSLR camera while Fujifilm X-H1 is a Mirrorless camera. More information about their differences will come soon.

Sensors / crop factor

These cameras have different sensors. Nikon D40 has a "Nikon DX"-sensor while Fujifilm X-H1 has a "Fujifilm APS-C"-sensor, and their difference in sensors will also affect the crop factor and experience focal length. See the table below.

Camera Focal length, 50mm f/1.8 **
Nikon D40 75 mm
Nikon DX sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.5
Fujifilm X-H1 75 mm
Fujifilm sensor
Crop factor/focal length multiplier by * 1.5

** Experienced focal length when using a lens such as a common "50mm f/1.8"

Learn more about crop factor and focal length multiplier here:

Resolution

Nikon D40 has a 6 MP (Megapixels) resolution while Fujifilm X-H1 has 24 MP. If we break down this in more detail this is the data behind the numbers:

Camera Megapixels
Nikon D40 6 MP
6016000 pixels
3008 x 2000
Fujifilm X-H1 24 MP
24000000 pixels
6000 x 4000

Fujifilm X-H1 has a 299 % larger resolution than Nikon D40. This could give you more details in the picture but also a possibility to crop more in the pictures, afterward while editing the pictures, if needed that is.

ISO range

Fujifilm X-H1 has a larger ISO-range than Nikon D40. Fujifilm X-H1 has an ISO range that stretches from 200 to 12800 while Nikon D40 has 200 to 3200.

Camera ISO Range
Nikon D40 200-3200
Fujifilm X-H1 200-12800

Autofocus and lens compatibility

There is a big difference between these two cameras. Fujifilm X-H1 has a built-in autofocus motor but Nikon D40 does not. If you want to be able to use autofocus on Nikon D40 there is a need for having an autofocus motor inside the lens. We really encourage you to look closely at our lens compatibility charts at the links below.

Here is a complete overview of which lenses work with each camera:
Lens compatibility chart for Nikon D40
Lens compatibility chart for Fujifilm X-H1

Pictures per second

Depending on what you are shooting the FPS, or frames/pictures per second, can definitely be of interest. Nikon D40 can shoot up to 2,5 pictures per seconds and Fujifilm X-H1 can shoot up to 14 pictures per seconds.

Camera FPS (Frames per second)
Nikon D40 2,5
Fujifilm X-H1 14

Ability to record movies

It is becoming more and more popular to record movies with digital cameras.

It is only one of these two cameras that support recording movies and movie clips and that is Fujifilm X-H1. Sadly, the Nikon D40 does not support this.

Weight

The weight of the camera can be an extremely important factor, especially if the camera is about to be used, or carried around, for several hours at a time.

Fujifilm X-H1 weighs 673 gr (equal to 1.48 lb) which is 29% heavier than Nikon D40 and its 522 gr (or 1.15 lb).

Camera Weight
Nikon D40 522 gr
1.15 lb
Fujifilm X-H1 673 gr
1.48 lb

Nikon D40 vs Fujifilm X-H1 Specs

Below you will find the complete and detailed technical specs for both Nikon D40 and Fujifilm X-H1, next to each other. Each category of data is a link to an article covering the subject, giving you a deeper understanding so you can better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the two camera models.

Product
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Name Nikon D40 Fujifilm X-H1
Manufacturer Nikon Fujifilm
Release Date and Price
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Release Year 2006 2018
Release Date 2006-11-16 2018-02-15
MSRP 729 USD 1899 USD
Buy it today
Camera Type
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Camera Type DSLR Mirrorless
Sensor
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Sensor Size APS-C (approx 23.7 x 15.5 mm)
Also known as "DX"
APS-C (approx 23.5 x 15.6 mm)
Sensor Type CCD CMOS
Resolution 3008 x 2000 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
Megapixels 6 MP 24 MP
Image Processor EXPEED X-Processor Pro
Image
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
ISO Range 200 - 3200 200 - 12800
White Balance Presets 6 7
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No Yes
(Sensor-Shift)
Image Stabilization CIPA Rating 0 stops 5 stops
Uncompressed format RAW RAW
Optics & Focus
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Autofocus Motor No Yes
Autofocus Phase Detect
Multi Area
Selective Single Point
Single
Continuous
Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Focus Points 3 325
Lens Mount Nikon F

See Compatible Lenses
Fujifilm X

See Compatible Lenses
Focal Length Multiplier DX / APS-C (1.5x)
1.5x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 36 mm
50 mm becomes 75 mm
100 mm becomes 150 mm
200 mm becomes 300 mm
APS-C Sensor (1.5x)
1.5x multiplier
Example:
24 mm becomes 36 mm
50 mm becomes 75 mm
100 mm becomes 150 mm
200 mm becomes 300 mm
Screen & Viewfinder
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Articulated LCD Fixed Tilting
Screen size 2,5 3
Screen dots 230000 1040000
Touch screen No Yes
Screen type N/A TFT LCD
Live view No Yes
Viewfinder Type Optical (pentamirror) Electronic
Viewfinder Coverage 95% 100%
Viewfinder Magnification 0.8 (0.53 35mm equiv.) 1.13 (0.75 35mm equiv.)
Viewfinder Resolution N/A 3690000
Photography features
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Frames per second 2,5 fps 14 fps
Minimum Shutter Speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Maximum Shutter Speed 1/4000 seconds 1/8000 seconds
Built-in Flash Yes No
Built-in Flash Range 17 meters N/A
External Flash Yes Yes
Self-Timer Yes Yes
Time-lapse Yes Yes
Metering modes Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Average
Exposure Compensation +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV steps) +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV steps)
Videography features
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Video recording No Yes
Video format N/A MPEG4
H.264
Video resolution N/A 1920 x 1080
3840 x 2160
4096 x 2160
Built-in Microphone No Yes
Built-in Speakers No Yes
Storage
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Memory Card SD/SDHC
SD/SDHC
Connectivity
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
HDMI Output No Yes
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No No
Wireless No Yes
Built-in (802.11b/g/n + Bluetooth 4.0)
Remote Control Yes (Optional (ML-L3))
Yes (via smartphone or wired remote)
GPS No No
Body & Dimensions
Nikon D40
Fujifilm X-H1
Enviromentally sealed No Yes
Battery Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Details Nikon EN-EL9 Lithium-Ion & charger included
NP-W126S lithium-ion battery & charger
Battery Life (CIPA) 470 shots 310 shots
Width 124 mm 140 mm
Height 94 mm 97 mm
Depth 64 mm 86 mm
Weight 522 gram 673 gram