Nikon D850 vs Canon EOS RP

This is a full comparison between the cameras Nikon D850 and Canon EOS RP. We compare them by looking at the categories you see below.

Manufacturing

Nikon D850 is manufacturered by Nikon but Canon EOS RP is from Canon. Both Nikon and Canon are well known brands though.

Nikon D850 were released 2017 and Canon EOS RP was released 2019. That is a 2 years difference. In tech, this period can be of interest since technology is always improving, etc.

Camera Released
Nikon D850 2017
Canon EOS RP 2019

Type of camera

Nikon D850 is a DSLR camera while Canon EOS RP is a Mirrorless camera. More information about their differences will come soon.

Sensors / crop factor

Even though the camera sensors might be called differently they are both considered Full frame which means that the focal length of the lenses is not affected. There is no crop factor on any of these cameras and sensors.

Camera Focal length, 50mm f/1.8 **
Nikon D850 50 mm
Full-frame sensor
No crop factor/focal length multiplier
Canon EOS RP 50 mm
Full-frame sensor
No crop factor/focal length multiplier

** Experienced focal length when using a lens such as a common "50mm f/1.8"

Learn more about crop factor and focal length multiplier here:
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Nikon)
Camera selection can affect the focal length (Canon)

Resolution

Nikon D850 has a 46 MP (Megapixels) resolution while Canon EOS RP has 26 MP. If we break down this in more detail this is the data behind the numbers:

Camera Megapixels
Nikon D850 46 MP
45441024 pixels
8256 x 5504
Canon EOS RP 26 MP
25958400 pixels
6240 x 4160

Nikon D850 has a 75 % larger resolution than Canon EOS RP. This could give you more details in the picture but also a possibility to crop more in the pictures, afterward while editing the pictures, if needed that is.

ISO range

Canon EOS RP has a larger ISO-range than Nikon D850. Canon EOS RP has an ISO range that stretches from 100 to 40000 while Nikon D850 has 64 to 25600.

Camera ISO Range
Nikon D850 64-25600
Canon EOS RP 100-40000

Autofocus and lens compatibility

Both of these cameras have a built-in autofocus motor. Some lenses, that support autofocus, do not have an autofocus motor of their own but this won't cause any problems with these two cameras.

Worth mentioning is that Canon EOS RP belongs to the Canon EOS R-system and needs an adapter to work with Canons EF, EF-S, MP-E, and TS-E lenses. You can read more about this adapter here:
Canon Lens Mount Adapter EF-EOS R

Here is a complete overview of which lenses work with each camera:
Lens compatibility chart for Nikon D850
Lens compatibility chart for Canon EOS RP

Pictures per second

Depending on what you are shooting the FPS, or frames/pictures per second, can definitely be of interest. Nikon D850 can shoot up to 9 pictures per seconds and Canon EOS RP can shoot up to 5 pictures per seconds.

Camera FPS (Frames per second)
Nikon D850 9
Canon EOS RP 5

Ability to record movies

It is becoming more and more popular to record movies with digital cameras.

In this case, both Nikon D850 and Canon EOS RP can shoot movies.

Weight

The weight of the camera can be an extremely important factor, especially if the camera is about to be used, or carried around, for several hours at a time.

Nikon D850 weighs 1005 gr (equal to 2.22 lb) which is 107% heavier than Canon EOS RP and its 485 gr (or 1.07 lb).

Camera Weight
Nikon D850 1005 gr
2.22 lb
Canon EOS RP 485 gr
1.07 lb

Nikon D850 vs Canon EOS RP Specs

Below you will find the complete and detailed technical specs for both Nikon D850 and Canon EOS RP, next to each other. Each category of data is a link to an article covering the subject, giving you a deeper understanding so you can better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the two camera models.

Product
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Name Nikon D850 Canon EOS RP
Manufacturer Nikon Canon
Release Date and Price
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Release Year 2017 2019
Release Date 2017-07-25 2019-02-14
MSRP 3299 USD 1299 USD
Buy it today
Camera Type
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Camera Type DSLR Mirrorless
Sensor
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Sensor Size Full Frame (approx 36 x 23.9 mm)
Also known as "FX"
Full Frame (approx 36 x 24 mm)
Sensor Type BSI-CMOS CMOS
Resolution 8256 x 5504 pixels 6240 x 4160 pixels
Megapixels 46 MP 26 MP
Image Processor EXPEED 5 DIGIC 8
Image
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
ISO Range 64 - 25600 100 - 40000
White Balance Presets 14 6
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Image Stabilization CIPA Rating 0 stops 0 stops
Uncompressed format RAW + TIFF RAW
Optics & Focus
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Autofocus Motor Yes Yes
Autofocus Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Contract Detect (sensor)
Phase Detect
Multi Area
Center
Selective Single Point
Tracking
Single
Continuous
Touch
Face Detection
LiveView
Focus Points 151 4779
Lens Mount Nikon F

See Compatible Lenses
Canon RF

See Compatible Lenses
Focal Length Multiplier FX (Full frame)
No multiplier
Example:
24 mm remains 24 mm
50 mm remains 50 mm
100 mm remains 100 mm
200 mm remains 200 mm
Full frame
No multiplier
Example:
24 mm remains 24 mm
50 mm remains 50 mm
100 mm remains 100 mm
200 mm remains 200 mm
Screen & Viewfinder
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Articulated LCD Tilting Fully articulated
Screen size 3.2 3
Screen dots 2359000 1040000
Touch screen Yes Yes
Screen type TFT LCD TFT LCD
Live view Yes Yes
Viewfinder Type Optical (pentaprism) Electronic
Viewfinder Coverage 100% 100%
Viewfinder Magnification 0.75 0.7
Viewfinder Resolution 0 2360000
Photography features
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Frames per second 9 fps 5 fps
Minimum Shutter Speed 30 seconds 30 seconds
Maximum Shutter Speed 1/8000 seconds 1/4000 seconds
Built-in Flash No No
Built-in Flash Range N/A N/A
External Flash Yes Yes
Self-Timer Yes Yes
Time-lapse Yes Yes
Metering modes Multi
Center Weighted
Highlight Weighted
Spot
Multi
Center Weighted
Spot
Partial
Exposure Compensation +/- 5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps) +/- 3 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV steps)
Videography features
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Video recording Yes Yes
Video format MPEG4
MPEG4
H.264
Video resolution 1280 x 720
1920 x 1080
3840 x 2160
1920 x 1080
3840 x 2160
Built-in Microphone Yes Yes
Built-in Speakers Yes Yes
Storage
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Memory Card SD/SDHC
XQD
SD/SDHC
Connectivity
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
HDMI Output Yes Yes
Microphone Port Yes Yes
Headphone Port Yes Yes
Wireless Yes
Built-In ( 802.11b/g + NFC + Bluetooth 4.1 LE)
Yes
Built-in (802.11b/g/n + Bluetooth)
Remote Control Yes (wired, wireless, smartphone) Yes (via cable or smartphone)
GPS No No
Body & Dimensions
Nikon D850
Canon EOS RP
Enviromentally sealed Yes No
Battery Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Details EN-EL15a lithium-ion battery & charger
LP-E17 lithium-ion battery & charger
Battery Life (CIPA) 1840 shots 250 shots
Width 146 mm 133 mm
Height 124 mm 85 mm
Depth 79 mm 70 mm
Weight 1005 gram 485 gram